Winter Cress

Barbarea vulgaris

Family Mustard (Brassicaceae)
Bloom Spring, fall
Habitat Meadows, roadsides
Status Non-Native
Cycle Biennial
Height 1-2′
Flower Several spikes of 4-petaled elongated clusters of yellow flowers form. Petals form a cross about 1/4″ wide.
Leaf Leaves are deeply cleft into one large, rounded terminal lobe and several small rounded lobes. Upper leaves are coarsely toothed.
Notes Fruit are thin, erect, pod-like containers. Winter Cress is one of the first wildflowers to bloom in the spring. Seeds are black and taste hot or peppery.


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