White

Below is a list of the most common White Flowers in the area. Please click on an individual flower for detailed information and pictures.

Death Camas or Dune Lily

Zygadenus glaucus Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dunes, foredunes Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-24" Flower Flowers have 6 petals that form a star-like shape with dark or yellow spots near the center. They may also be bronze or purple on the underside. Each petal has a heart-shaped greenish gland at its base. The...

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Nightshade – Enchanter’s

Circaea quadrisulcata Family Evening Primrose (Onagraceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Moist forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-2' Flower Flowers are small, white, sparsely scattered on upright, multiple flowerstalks from a single stem. The 2 petals are deeply notched and seem to appear as 4. Leaf Leaves are simple, toothed, egg-shaped with pointed tips and occur...

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Wood Nettle

Lapportea canadensis Family Urticaceae Bloom Summer Habitat Moist forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Female flowers form loose clusters from upper leaf axils. Male flowers form from lower leaf axils. Leaf Leaves are widely oval, alternate, coarsely toothed and hairy. Notes This plant is Hazardous! It can be toxic if ingested and will...

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Sumac

Rhus hirta Family Cashew (Anacardiaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, forest edges, roadsides, sandy soil Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 3-10' Flower Flowers form a spike cluster of small white flowers. Leaf Leaves are long, lance-like and toothed with veins radiating from a central vein that runs from base to point of the leaf. Leaves attach...

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Hoary Alyssum

Berteroa incana Family Mustard (Brassicaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Dunes, fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Annual Height 6-24" Flower Flowers are very small (1/4" wide) and white. They form a spike cluster about 1" tall. Individual flowers have 4 petals each divided or notched deeply so it looks like 8 petals. Leaf Leaves are...

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Arbutus – Trailing

Epigaaea repens Family Heath (Ericaceae) Bloom Early Spring Habitat Deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-4" Flower Flowers are in round clusters 1-2" wide. Individual flowers have 5 flaring petals clustered near the ground, often under leaves making them difficult to find. Leaf Leaves are oval and leathery in texture. Color is dark green...

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Hepatica

Hepatica acutiloba Family Buttercup (Ranunculaceae) Bloom Early spring Habitat Deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-6" Flower Each flower is on a single hairy stalk but flowers tend to appear in bunches in the very early spring. Flowers are white but may also be light pink or blue. Flowers are open on sunny afternoons...

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Morning Glory – W

Also known as Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis Family Morning Glory (Convolvulaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, wood edges, fence rows Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-6' Flower Flowers are white or pink tubes or funnel-shaped 2" wide with 5 petals that fuse together to form the flower. Leaf Leaves are opposite, toothless, arrowhead-shaped and alternate on the...

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Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis Family Poppy (Papaveraceae) Bloom Early spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 5-10" Flower Flowers are single, large white flowers about 1-2" wide with 8-10 petals and a golden yellow center. Each flower is on its own pinkish stalk. Flowers close in the cold or cloudy weather. Leaf Leaves arise...

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Bouncing Bet

Saponaria officinalis Family Pink (Caryophyllaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-2' Flower Several white or pink flowers 1" wide form open clusters. Each flower has 5 heart-shaped petals. The base of the blossom is a long green tube. Leaf Leaves are narrow and 2-3" long with a pointed...

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Anemone – Canada

Anemone canadensis Family Buttercup (Ranunculaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Dry, shade, edge of forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-2' Flower Single white flower about 1" wide rising above the leaves. Each flower has 5 petal-like white sepals. A central tuft of white to yellowish stamens is quite noticeable. Leaf Each leaf is composed of 3-5...

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Campion – Bladder

Silene cucubalus Family Pink (Caryophyllaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Dunes, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Biennial/Perennial Height 6-24" Flower Flowers produce open clusters of white flowers each with 5 deeply notched petals attached to a highly inflated, smooth, bell-shaped sac which is about 1/2" long and has a papery texture. Thread-like styles project beyond the...

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Anemone – Wood

Anemone quinquefolia Family Buttercup (Ranunculaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Dry, shade, edge of forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-8" Flower Single white flower about 1" wide rising above the leaves. Each flower has 5 petal-like white sepals. A central tuft of white to yellowish stamens is quite noticeable. Leaf Compound leaves are in a whorl,...

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Indian Pipe

Monotropa uniflora Family Indian Pipe (Monotroparceae) Bloom Late summer, fall Habitat Dry forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-8" Flower Flowers are single, nodding, waxy white bell flowers 1/2" - 1" long hanging from the end of a white stem. The flowers have 4-5 petals. Leaf Leaves are very small scale-like often going unnoticed. Notes...

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Spring Beauty – W

Claytonia carolinian Michx. Family Purslane (Portulacaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Forest, shade, moist soil Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 3-6" Flower Flowers usually have 5 white or pink petals conspicuously marked with dark pink veins. Leaf A single pair of smooth leaves are halfway up the stem. They are oval 3-8 times as long as wide....

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Lily – White Water

Nymphaea odorata Family Water Lily (Nymphaeaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Ponds Status Native Cycle Perennial Height Aquatic Flower Flowers are formed of concentric rows of tapered petals. Outer rings of the petals are larger than in the center. There is a yellow disk in the center of the blossom. Leaf Leaves are large (5-12" wide),...

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Mallow – Common

Malva (Malvaceae) Family Mallow (Malvaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides, farm yards Status Non-Native Cycle Annual, Biennial, Perennial Height Up to 3' - extends along the ground Flower Flowers are white to pink, 5-parted, 1/2" - 1" wide, petals 2 times as long as sepals, 3 bracts below. Leaf Leaves are long-stalked, round...

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Baneberry – White

Actaea pachypoda Family Buttercup (Ranunculaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Wet, deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers form a dense slightly elongated cluster of tiny white flowers about 1-3" wide. Each of the individual flowers are about 1/4" wide. Leaf Leaves are 2-3 times pinnately compound. Each lef has about 5-20 coarsely toothed,...

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Pearly Everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers form groups of round clusters made of many individual white flower heads composed of petal-like white bracts surrounding a yellow center of disk flowers. Leaf Leaves are narrow, hairy underneath, greenish-white, 3-5" long alternating along...

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Queen Anne’s Lace

Daucus carota Family Carrot (Apiaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Biennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers form flat clusters 3-5" wide made up of tiny white flowers, each 1/4" wide. Leaf Leaves are fern-like with many divisions up to 8" long. Notes Stems are covered by tiny hairs. Flower clusters dry...

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Dutchman’s Breeches

Dicentra cucullaria Family Fumitory (Fumariaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 5-10" Flower Flowers appear as a collection of waxy inflated flowers that dangle from the stem like tiny pantaloons. There are two spurs spreading and extending upward forming the legs of the breeches. Flowers are yellow-tipped. Leaf Leaves are...

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Turtlehead

Chelone glabra Family Snapdragon (Scrophulariaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Wetlands, along streams, lakes Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers are tubular, creamy-white, sometimes tinged with pink. They form in tight upright clusters at the tip of the stem. Leaf Leaves are in opposite pairs along the stem. They have no stalk and are...

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Yarrow – Common

Achillea millefolium Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Meadows, roadsides, deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers form tight, flat-topped clusters 2-4" wide. Clusters are made up of tiny flowers 1/4" wide each with 5 petals. Leaf Leaves are narrow, finely divided, fern-like feathery leaves about 6" long. They increase in...

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Foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia Family Saxifrage (Saxifragaceae) Bloom Early spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-14" Flower White, 5-parted, 1/4" - 1/3" wide, clawed petals with long, slender rod-like stamens. The clusters of flowers can be 4" tall on a long, leafless stalk. Leaf Basal leaves with 3-5 shallow palmate lobes. Each leaf...

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Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata Family Mustard (Brassicaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Non-Native INVASIVE Cycle Biennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers form a round cluster 1-3" wide of small white flowers. Individual flowers are about 1/4" wide and have 4 white petals. Leaf Leaves are heart-shaped on the lower part of the plant and triangular...

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White Lettuce

Prenanthes alba Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Fall Habitat Forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-5' Flower Clusters of bell-shaped, drooping fragrant flowers that have white to pink petals and purple bracts at their base. Flowers have several stamen filaments hanging below the petals. Leaf Leaves on the lower stem are long-stalked, mostly triangular with 3-5...

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Squirrel Corn

Dicentra canadensis Family Fumitory (Fumariaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 5-10" Flower Similar to Dutchman's Breeches but flowers are more heart-shaped with rounded spurs. Leaf Leaves are finely divided, delicate, long-stalked and arise from the base of the plant. Notes Squirrel Corn blooms a little later than Dutchman's Breeches,...

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Toothwort – Broadleaf

Dentaria diphylla Michx. Family Mustard (Cruciferae) Bloom Spring Habitat Forest, rich soil Status Native Cycle Annual to Perennial Height 8-16" Flower Flowers form at the tip of a stem in a loose, open cluster of 4-petaled flowers. Leaf There are generally only 2 leaves just above the center of the plant and nearly opposite. Each...

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Toothwort – Cutleaf

Cardamine concatenata Family Mustard (Brassicaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Dry deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 8-10" Flower Flowers are small clusters of 3-12 white flowers each with 4 petals. Leaf Leaves are a whorl of 3-lobed leaves, each has 3 main lobes with coarse teeth. Notes Found in the early spring flowering before the...

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Trillium

Trillium grandiflorum Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native - PROTECTED Cycle Perennial Height 8-18" Flower Singe white flower 2-4" wide grows from a single stalk. It has 3 wavy-edged triangle-shaped white petals that are set against 3 pointed, petal-like green sepals. Leaf There are 3 large pointed toothless broad leaves...

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Violet – Canada

Viola canadensis Family Violet (Violaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-16" Flower Flowers have 5 white petals, the lower 3 are marked at their base with conspicuous fine brown-purple veins. The back side of the petals is tinged blue or purple. The center of the flower is yellow. Flowers...

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Lily of the Valley

Maianthemum canadense Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous or conifer forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-8" Flower Small delicate spike cluster of white flowers on a stalk up to 3" tall. Each individual flower is about 1/6" wide made up of 2 petals and 2 petal-like sepals which give the appearance of...

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Pussytoes

Antennaria neglecta Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Dry, open woods, rocky soil Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-12" Flower Round cluster 1" wide of 3-10 fuzzy white flowers atop a single fuzzy stem. Leaf Leaves are single-veined, spoon-shaped basal leaves, 1-2" long covered with white hairs giving them a fuzzy appearance. Leaves on the...

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Star Flower

Trientalis borealis Family Primrose (Primulaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-10" Flower Flowers are white with 7 sharply pointed petals 1/2" wide on thin delicate stalks rising above the leaves. Often 2 flowers per plant. Leaf Leaves are shiny, long tapered, and forma single whorl below the flower 2-4"...

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Sweet Cicely

Osmorhiza claytonii Family Parsley (Umbelliferae) Bloom Late spring, early summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers are sparse clusters of white inconspicuous flowers radiating from a central poing. Leaf Fern-like leaves are pinnately compound with each one divided into 3-5 segments. Each segment is often divided again into 3...

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Squawroot

Conopholis americana Family Broomrape (Orobanchaceae) Bloom Late spring Habitat Dry forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-8" Flower Flowers are tubular, cream to yellow, stalkless flowers emerging from under compact scales. The flowers and scales form a cylindrical spike. Lower scales are overlapping, fleshy, pointed, and yellow to brown in color. Leaf Scales instead of...

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Virginia Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginianum Family Waterleaf (Hydrophyllaceae) Bloom Late spring Habitat Deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-12" Flower Flowers form a round cluster of small white - light blue bell-shaped flowers on stalks extending above the leaves. Each flower has 5 petals and 5 stamen protruding out of the flower. The flowers are about 1/4"...

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Sand Cherry

Prunus pumila Family Fumitory (Fumariaceae) Bloom Late spring, early summer Habitat Dunes Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-4' Flower Clusters of creamy white flowers composed of 5 petals with red centers. Leaf Leaves are narrow and leathery. They turn deep red in the fall. Notes The Sand Cherry is a shrub-like tree. It would not...

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Miterwort

Mitella diphylla Family Saxifrage (Saxifragaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 8-18" Flower Tiny white flowers 1/8" wide are arranged in a spike 1-3" tall at the top of a single thin stem. Each flower has 5 petal-like sepals and 5 unusual fringed petals. Leaf Leaves are 1-3" wide...

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Parsnip – Cow

Heracleum maximum Family Carrot (Apiaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-9' Flower Flowers form large flat clusters of white flowers 4-8" wide. Individual flowers are about 1/2" wide and have notched petals and are often larger toward the outside edges of the clusters. Leaf Leaves are extremely large...

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Daisy – Ox-eye

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Showy flowers have 15-30 white petals (ray flowers) with notched tips and a yellow disk (disk flowers) in the center. Each flower is up to 2" wide. Leaf Leaves are smooth, thick, dark green, irregularly toothed, clasping...

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Sarsaparilla – Wild

Araalia nudicaulis Family Ginseng (Araliaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Moist deciduous or conifer forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 8-20" Flower Flowers appear in 3-4 distinct round clusters 1-2" in diameter made of white flowers. Clusters form at the top of a single leafless stalk that appears to come from the ground and are generally...

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Solomon’s Seal

Smilacina racemosa Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 16-36" Flower Flowers form a cluster of many tiny star-shaped white flowers at the tip of a single long arching stem. Clusters are 3-5" long and each individual flower is made of 3 petals and 3 petal-like sepals,...

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Solomon’s Seal – Starry

Smilacina stellata Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dunes, sand ridges, moist woods, wetlands Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 12-24" Flower Flowers form a spike cluster 1-3" long of white star-shaped flowers 1/4" wide at the end of a single stem. Leaf Leaves are folded and often trough-like. The lance-shaped leaves are 2-6" long, toothless...

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Clover – White

Trifolium repens Family Pea or Bean (Fabaceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Fields, lawns, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 5-10" Flower Flowers are fragrant, pea-like white with pink tinges that form round clusters about 1" in diameter. Leaf Leaves have 3 leaflets that grow on a long basal stalk to form a compound leaf...

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Clover – White Sweet

Melilotus alba Family Pea or Bean (Fabaceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Fields, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Annual or biennial Height 3-6' Flower Flowers form long spike clusters 8" long of pea-like white flowers 1/4" wide. Each grows on a short stalk. Leaf Leaves are divided into 3 narrow, toothed, lance-shaped leaflets 0.5-1.0" long. Notes...

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Daisy Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Fields, roadsides Status Native Cycle Annual Height 5-10" Flower Small white or pink flower heads with up to 40-100 tiny petals (ray flowers) with a yellow center (disk flowers). Individual plants can hold up to 30 flowers. Leaf Leaves are thin, hairy, finely toothed, lance-shaped...

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Pitcher’s Thistle

Cirsium pitcheri Family Composite (Compositae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Dunes Status Native - THREATENED Cycle Biennial Height 1-3' Flower Flowers are creamy white to pale yellow. They do not appear until the second year. Leaf Leaves are narrow and highly branched. They are either smooth at the tips or end in a small, weak spine....

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Aster – Large-Leafed

Aster macrophyllus Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Trails, edge of forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-4" Flower Open clusters of white to lavender flowers on top of the plant. Petals form rays from a central disk which is yellow but turns red with age. Leaf Leaves are long-stalked, large (4-8″ wide) and...

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Poison Ivy

Rhus radicans Family Chashew (Anacardiaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, edge of forests Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-24" Flower Flowers are incomspicuous with 5 white petals found in elongated branched clusters. Leaf Leaves have 3 shiny leaflets from a common point and are mostly oblong with a point. Color is a shiny green turning to...

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Leek

Allium tricoccum Family Lily (Liliaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Moist deciduous forest Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 5-10" Flower Flowers form in a round cluster 1-1.5" wide on a ramp that comes up after the leaves have died. Each flower has 6 parts about 1/4" wide. Leaf Leaves are basal, lance-like flat leaves that disappear before...

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Baby’s Breath

Gypsophila paniculata Family (Caryophyllaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dunes, fields, roadsides Status Non-Native INVASIVE Cycle Perennial Height 2-16" Flower Flowers are tiny white 5-parted 1/8" wide forming branched clusters. Leaf Leaves are lance-shaped 1-3" long. Notes Baby's breath escaped from gardens and is considered an invasive species. There are programs in the park to remove it...

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Snakeroot – Black

Sanicula marilandica Family Parsley (Apiaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dry forest and along forest edges Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-4' Flower Flowers form 3-5 round clusters that sit on the end of long stems. Leaf Leaves are large (3-5" wide) with 3-5 leaflets, each with 3 lobes. Leaf edges have alternating large and small teeth....

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Campion

Silene pratensis Family Pink (Caryophyllaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Annual Height 1-3' Flower Many white flowers about 1" wide with 5 deeply notched petals - sometimes looks like 10 petals. Behind the flower is a dark-veined green bladder. Leaf Leaves are narrow lance-shaped, 1-4" long. Leaves are stalkless smooth. Notes...

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Cress – Sand

Arabis lyrata Family Mustard (Brassicaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dunes, roadsides Status Native Cycle Biennial, Perennial Height 4-16" Flower Flowers are tiny white flowers with 4 petals 3/8" wide. Leaf Leaves are long, curly, deeply lobed in a circle at the base. Upper leaves are long without lobes and are sparse. Notes Although small and delicate...

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