Blue-Purple

Below is a list of the most common Blue Flowers in the area. Please click on an individual flower for detailed information and pictures.

Heal-All

Heal-All, Self-Heal, All-Heal Prunella vulgaris Family Mint Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Wet, lawns, fields, along roads Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-12" Flower Compact thick spikes, 1-2" long of violet-blue flowers. Individual flowers are 1/2" long and have upper petals forming a hood while lower petals form a landing platform for insects. Leaf Leaves...

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Speedwell, Common

Veronica officinalis L. Family Figwort (Scrophulariaceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Woods, meadows, lawns Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-4" Flower Very small flowers 1/4" across made up of 4-petals of pale blue or lavender. Three of the petals are rounded and the fourth is distinctly smaller. Each flower has a pair of projecting stamens....

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Bergamot, Wild

Monarda fistulosa Family Mint (Lamiaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dry, sun, fields, roadsides Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-4' Flower Round clusters, 1-2" wide of many iindividual tubular pale lavender flowers. Leaf Leaves are 1-3" long, coarsely toothed, lance-shaped. Notes Stems are square and smooth to softly hairy

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Harebell

Harebell or Bluebell Campanula rotundifolia Family Phlox (Polemoniaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Dunes, sandy meadows, sunny Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-20" Flower Bell-shaped blue flowers, 3/4" long, each formed from 5 fused petals nodding from a thin stem. Leaf Basal leaves are long-stalked, roundish and tend to dry up and disappear before the flowers...

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Iris, Blue Flag

Iris versicolor Family Iris (iridaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Wet, sun or shade, edges of wetlands, lakes, rivers Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-3' Flower Flowers consist of several large blue or violet flowers 2-4" wide. Each flower consists of petals and sepals that are both the same general color. Sepals are spread wide and marked...

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Mint

Mentha arvensis Family Mint (labiaceae) Bloom Summer, early fall Habitat Meadows, roadsides, disturbed soil Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-24" Flower Open round cluster about 1" wide made of tiny pink or purple flowers clustering around the stem. Only a few flowers bloom at a time. Leaf Leaves are in pairs(opposite) lanc-shaped Notes Stems are...

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Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca Family Mint (lamiaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, roadsides, disturbed soil Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 12-24" Flower Pale lavender to pink flowers clustered along the stem. Flowers are small, 2-lipped from a tubular base with an arched upper lip and lower lip with 3 lobes. Outside the upper lip is densely covered with...

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Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara Family Nightshade (Solanaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, roadsides, disturbed soil Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-8' Flower Purple flowers 1/2" wide made up of 5 pointed and swept back petals with a protruding yellow cone from the center of the blossom. Leaf Leaves usually have three lobes. The oval central lobe is large...

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Beach Pea

Lathyrus japonicus Family Pea or Bean (Fabaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Sun, sand, dunes, sandy beaches Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-2' Flower A cluster of 3-10 pink to purple pea flowers on a long stalk Leaf Compount leaf 3-6" long with up to 6 pairs of fleshy egg-shaped leaflets. A forked tendril is at the...

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Skullcap

Scutellaria galericulata Family Mint (Labiatae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Wet, swamps, along streams and rivers Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-32" Flower Flowers are violet-blue, pink, or white and are found singly or in pairs in leaf-axils. They are about 1" long, tubular at the base flaring into 2 lips. The upper lip is hooded,...

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Spiderwort

Tradescantia ohiensis Family Spiderwort (Commelinaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Meadows, roadsides, disturbed soil Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-2' Flower Flowers form clusters of 2-10, but with only a few open at a time. They are 1-2" across with 3 blue petals surrounding a golden yellow stamen. Leaf Leaves are grass-like, long and narrow - some...

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Blueweed

Also known as Viper's Bugloss Echium vulgare L. Family Borage (Boraginaceae) Bloom Summer Habitat Dry, sun, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Biennial Height 1-3' Flower Bright blue to violet flowers on short curved stalks from the main stem. Prominent long red stamens project beyond the petals. Leaf Leaves are long and narrow and very hairy...

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Vetch

Vicia villosa Family Pea or Bean (Fabaceae) Bloom Late spring, summer Habitat Sun, meadows Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-3' Flower Tightly packed clusters of miniature pea flowers stung along one side of the flowering spike. Color is lavender to blue-violet. It is bi-colored. Leaf Leaves are pinnately compound with 10-20 fuzzy leaflets. The central...

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Aster-Smooth

Aster laevis L. Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Fall Habitat Dry, sun, dunes, fields, meadows, roadsides Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Showy and conspicuous with many flowers per plant. Each flower has 15-20 petals that range in color from purple or pale blue to white. Petals surround a yellow center disk. Leaf Leaves are...

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Vervain-Blue

Verbena hastata Family Vervain (Verbenaceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Wet, ditches, roadsides, marshes Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-6' Flower Flowers form on tall, thin spikes 2-4" long. The single stem branches into multiple spikes at the top. Flowering starts at the bottom of each spike and progresses to the top of the spike. Flowers...

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Chicory

Cichorium intybus Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Dry, sun, fields, meadows, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-4' Flower Sky-blue flowers. Petals are blunt and fringed at the tip. Flowers are attached directly to the stem. Color can range from white to blue to pink depending on the age and location. Leaf Basal...

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Coneflower-Purple

Echinacea purpurea Family Aster (Asteraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Dry, sun, meadows, roadsides Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-3' Flower Large flower heads, 3-5" wide, made up of 14-20 droopy purple petals that surround a spiny cone-shaped orange center. Leaf Leaves are 3-veined, coarsely toothed. They can be as large as 5" wide and 8"...

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Loosestrife-Purple

Lythrum salicaria Family Loosestrife (Lythraceae) Bloom Summer, fall Habitat Wet, sun, ditches, roadsides, swamps Status Non-Native Invasive Cycle Perennial Height 2-5' Flower Flowers are long terminal spike clusters of purple flowers on short stalks. Leaf Leaves are narrow, long and usually opposite. They can be up to 4" long. Notes Stems are stout, upright, ridged...

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Peppermint

Mentha piperita L. Family Mint (Labiatae) Bloom Summer Habitat Wet, sun, ditches, streams, lakes Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Pale lavender to pink flowers cluster along the stem. Stamens protrude. Leaf Leaves are in pairs and have short stalks from the stem. They have toothed margins. Crushed leaves have a strong peppermint taste...

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Myrtle

Myrtle (also known as Periwinkle) Vinca minor L. Family Dogbane (Apocynaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Forest Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 2-4" Flower Five-petal blue flower up to 1 inch across on short, erect stems which rise above the leaves. Leaf Shiny, leathery leaves appear in pairs along the stem. Leaves stay green all year. Notes The...

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Blue Phlox

Phlox divaricata Family Phlox (Polemoniaceae) Bloom Spring, summer Habitat Wet, shade, deciduous woods Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 10-20" Flower Flat clusters of pale blue flowers. Individual flowers 1" wide are made of 5 petals fused together at the base into a tube. Leaf Opposite, long and narrow - somewhat hairy. Only a few leaves...

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Violet, Common Blue

Viola sororia Family Violet (Violaceae) Bloom Spring Habitat Moist woodland, wooded roadsides Status Native Cycle Perennial Height 4-10" Flower Deep violet to lavender flowers approx. 1" across with 5 petals. The center of the flower is white with the 3 lower petals strongly veined. Flowers are often below the leaves and have their own stalk....

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Alfalfa

Medicago Sativa Family Pea or Bean (Fabaceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Dry, sun, fields, roadsides Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 1-3' Flower Tight spike clusters of blue flowers 1-2 inches long with individual flowers 1/4" with one large upper petal and 3 smaller lower petals. Leaf 3-part clover-like leaf, 1-2" long Notes Usually found...

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Forget-Me-Not

Myosotis scorpiodides Family Borage (Boraginaceae) Bloom Spring, summer, fall Habitat Wet, shade, swamps along streams, lakes, & rivers Status Non-Native Cycle Perennial Height 6-24" Flower Small - about 1/4" in diameter with 5 blue petals around a yellow, star-like center. Leaf Stalkless, elongated, and hairy. They alternate along the stem. Notes Stems are hairy and...

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