Indian Pipe

Monotropa uniflora

Family Indian Pipe (Monotroparceae)
Bloom Late summer, fall
Habitat Dry forest
Status Native
Cycle Perennial
Height 2-8″
Flower Flowers are single, nodding, waxy white bell flowers 1/2″ – 1″ long hanging from the end of a white stem. The flowers have 4-5 petals.
Leaf Leaves are very small scale-like often going unnoticed.
Notes Indian Pipe is a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll, which is why it has not coloration. It turns black with age or if picked. It doesn’t make food for itself like other plants but gets its food from dead or decaying plant material through a mutually beneficial fungal relationship. It often grows in small clumps, but can grow alone.

Photos